Solving a reading comprehension test after ample practice may seem like no mean feat to you but imagine yourself in a position where you only have 10 minutes to solve the toughest passage! However unlikely this situation seems to you it happens more often than not in the IELTS exam. So how can you make sure that nerves don’t get the better of you in such a situation?
You will have 60 minutes to solve 40 questions which gives you approximately 90 seconds per question, that’s just over a minute. Include in this the time needed to read each passage to answer questions.
Putting yourself in such a situation repeatedly while practicing can only help you optimize your skills to perform under duress. Before you move onto the tips that we have to share, take a moment to understand why it is a much-needed practice.
This situation is all prevalent and needs attention for anyone aspiring to score a band 9 or 8. Spend time in understanding the sections, the purpose of each passage and the questions that follow.
There are 8 types of questions that you can expect in this test:
True/false/not given questions
Multiple choice questions
Gap filling tasks
Sentence completion tasks
Chart, table or diagram completion tasks
Here are 11 tips to turn this marathon into a quick sprint.
1. Go through the questions first
Take a moment to skim through the questions that are in the paper. This will help you skip to the main objective of the test instantly.
2. Get to the main idea, quick!
Each passage, as well as each paragraph within the passage, is created to share with you a core idea. While reading you can write remarks about each passage in your rough notes.
3. Develop the art of scanning
When reading a passage, do not scrutinize each word or sentence or try to memorize what it means. By skimming, we mean you read the passage fast and get the gist of it pronto! Look for a number or keyword if that’s what the question demands.
4. Identify key information
Since each article will be exploring an academic topic or scientific research there will be a main idea or argument and reasons and facts supporting the same. Divide the passage accordingly. This will help you get to the answer faster.
5. Look out for the tricks
Here are some questions that are especially tricky and require a bit more attention than the rest.
True/false/not given questions need to be proven completely true or false. Dedicate time to reading the entire sentence. The not given part is trickier as you have to make sure the given information is completely absent from the passage.
Also, when you are completing sentences or filling blanks take note of the word limit and stay within it.
6. Move on if you find something too tough
Can’t find an answer? Don’t get stuck. In all probability, as you are scanning for other answers you may stumble upon another answer which you couldn’t find earlier. If you are quick enough you will have time left to go back to the ones you left.
7. Don’t get sidetracked by big words
Think the topic is complicated? You’re halfway in but don’t understand some words? Don’t worry about it. It should be easy if you are able to understand the meaning of the sentence overall.
8. Learn to focus at length
Whether practicing alone or reading for fun, think about how long you are able to focus before a song starts playing in your head on a loop. Ideally the 10 minutes that you decide to dedicate should not feel overwhelming if you have practiced before.
9. Use a stopwatch when practicing
Feel like its been just 10 minutes? Don’t be too sure about how you feel because time tends to run faster especially during an exam. Be sure to dedicate precisely 10 minutes no more, less is fine.
10. Leave a minute for quick revision
Done already? Sure you got it all? If not then keep aside approximately 90 seconds to revisit what you just did. This will help you keep unnecessary heartache and agony at bay.
Here’s a bonus tip when preparing for the test.
11. Question the purpose when preparing
If one is to dig deeper into what one is tested on while appearing for the IELTS the task may seem easier. IELTS reading section tests your ability to comprehend and grab the main idea of a passage.
It is not to gauge your knowledge of a subject or your ability to remember what you just read. The test is designed to gauge your ability to survive well in countries where English is a native language.
Don’t look at the question like a mystery that needs to be unraveled or something that has a hidden purpose. It is simple, there is a correct answer and you need to identify…
Solving a reading comprehension test after ample practice may seem like no mean feat to you but imagine yourself in a position where you only have 10 minutes to solve the toughest passage! However unlikely this situation seems to you...
Every candidate feels that the IELTS Reading test is tough and that they have a very short amount of time to answer a large number of questions on very complicated texts. You need to master the reading skills to get a 7 Band Score or higher and have a range of strategies prepared in order to tackle it. Here are some tips:
1. Read a lot of Academic Texts
Develop a habit of reading in your free time! The IELTS texts are “general academic texts”. This implies that they are obtained from sources such as textbooks and specialist magazines and journals. In case you are not familiar with reading such kind of texts in English then you need to start reading them so that you become familiar with the words and language also with the structure used when you meet them in the exam. The three typical sources for IELTS Reading texts are the National Geographic, the New Scientist and the Economist.
Your focus should be on the text first, then on the questions! Only if you have a good understanding of the text, you can answer the questions more precisely and effectively.
3. Be able to Categorize
IELTS exam writers select a range of specific type of texts. You need to learn to recognize the type of text you are reading. It will help you predict its structure and you will be able to understand it more quickly. There are four types of IELTS Reading texts – A) analytic texts that will discuss the reasons why something happened or make recommendations or explain a concept B) descriptive texts that describe a situation, explain how something is done or categorize something C) discursive texts in which different opinions are expressed about an issue and D) narrative texts that explain a chronological sequence of events.
Develop the ability to skim. Skimming means to read quickly by skipping the unimportant words like prepositions and ignoring the difficult words that you don’t have to understand. You should do this to get a general idea about a text or a paragraph or while intensively searching for the answer of a question.
You must learn to scan. Scanning is exactly what you do when you look for a price in advertising text or a name in a telephone book. While scanning you do not actually need to read the text but move your eyes quickly over it. You can scan either left to right or right to left, from top to bottom or bottom to top. You should do this to find out the location of answers in the texts looking out for easy to spot words like numbers, dates and words beginning with capital letters such as place names.
Learn to recognize paragraph structure. This involves spotting the relationship between main ideas and supporting ideas in a paragraph. Paragraphs are mostly descending i.e., they start with the main idea somewhere near the start and develop from there, however some, frequently first and the last paragraphs of the texts, are ascending – the main idea is found to be located towards the end. This can prove to be helpful particularly when matching the headings to the paragraphs.
Get the overview of a text before beginning with the questions. Do this by reading the title and the subtitle as well as focusing on the beginnings and ends of paragraphs. This will help you process the information in a text.
8. Similar phrases
Develop the skill to spot similar phrases. There are different ways of expressing the same thing, such as, “I like to ski” and “skiing is enjoyable”. Many questions, for example, YES NO NOT GIVEN questions and gap fills, test your ability to match up a parallel phrase in the task with its equivalent in the text.
9. Stop Panicking
Don’t panic when you face an unknown or difficult word. The IELTS exam is packed with highly specialized vocabulary and therefore you are advised to read relevant texts beforehand to prepare. Skip over difficult words which are unnecessary for your understanding of the text. For words you need to understand, practice trying to guess their meaning using the overall context of the text.
10. Time management
Manage time in the exam. Most of the IELTS candidates complain about running out of time in the third reading section. Each text should take you about 20 minutes (the examiner will bring it to your notice when 20 minutes have passed). Never spend too long on a single question – either guess the answer if you don’t know the answer exactly or skip the question and return to it later. Also, if you feel you are running out of time, tackle questions like gap fills before attempting “easy-to-guess” tasks.
Don’t forget that you also need to have all the answers on your Answer Sheet by the end of the…
Every candidate feels that the IELTS Reading test is tough and that they have a very short amount of time to answer a large number of questions on very complicated texts. You need to master the reading skills to get...
Do you have trouble with the IELTS Reading Section, True, False, Not Given type questions? Don’t worry, many students find this type of question one of the most challenging in the reading part. There are a few simple strategies that you can use to help you improve your accuracy and score. Here are some DOs and DONTs when solving T/F/NG questions during the IELTS:
First, you need to know that reading T/F/NG (also known as Yes, No, Not Given) before you read the passage is a bad idea! Why? Because if you read this type of question before the passage, chances are you just read lots of information which is false or not in the passage. Clearly, reading this type of information before the passage is confusing and bad for comprehension. In fact, it can even decrease your scores for other questions for that passage. So, don’t read T/F/NG questions before the passage.
Second, skimming and scanning the passage is NOT an effective strategy for T/F/NG. Why? Well, how can you skim or scan for an idea that is not given? You can’t – instead, you will waste a lot of valuable time before you realize it is not in the passage! So don’t do it.
Now for the strategies that can help you to get the correct answer to these tricky questions:
First, use your logic and the knowledge that you already have. This means that you should read the passage first and then look at the T/F/NG questions. Remember, the answers will be sequential with the passage. This means that the answer to the first question will come first in the passage, the second question after and the last one or two, near the end. Also remember, the IELTS is a progressive test. This means that the first few questions will be easier than the last few. So, make sure to focus on the first few questions and get them right. Don’t worry too much about the last one or two if they seem very difficult, do your best and move on.
Second, use questions to solve the answers. When you read a T/F/NG question ask yourself,
1. “Is this information important or relevant to the topic and main idea of the passage?” If “No” then the answer will most likely be ‘Not Given’ -> answer this and move on, don’t think too much
2. If the answer to the question is, “Yes, the information is relevant and important to the topic and main idea” then the answer will be either ‘True or False’ -> often you can figure out whether it’s ‘True or False’ just by common sense.
***For this strategy to work, it is important to ask full sentence questions from yourself and to practice lots at home.
Now here is a sample passage for you to practice what you just read:
READING PASSAGE 1
Lotteries , Positive Good or Unnecessary Wrong?
A A lottery is a form of gambling where contestants purchase tickets, with one or more tickets being drawn as winners at the end of the competition period. Often, there is a jackpot winner who wins most or all of the prize pool. Today, national lottery jackpots can range from millions to hundreds of millions of dollars. It wasn’t long ago that lotteries were outlawed almost everywhere in the world. Today, lotteries are legal in North America, Australia, and much of Europe and Asia. A question is raised over what has changed to make something previously seen as negative for society, become common across the globe. If gambling is bad, why are lotteries so popular, and why do governments support them?
B People buy lottery tickets for one chief reason - they want to win the jackpot. In the long run, lotteries are a “bad bet”. The odds of winning are always stacked against the player - that is to say, the long-term expected return on the player’s money is significantly less than the money paid for the tickets. This is how the lottery corporations make money on the lottery – the payout is far less than the revenue of the ticket sales, and the government takes the difference. If one million tickets are sold at five dollars apiece, and the jackpot is three million dollars, then the government has made two million dollars of profit in the process. We are forced to question why lotteries are so popular given their poor value for players. It’s because of the thrill of possibly winning the jackpot - the anticipation of a life-changing win for the ticket purchaser is worth the money. It’s the same reason why people gamble at casinos. Many people know they are not going to win in the long run at a casino, but the short-term thrill makes up for the long-term losses.
C The main argument against lotteries is that it acts as a tax on the poor, and such a tax is unfair. This is because statistics show that poor people are by far the most common purchasers of lottery tickets. There are two reasons why this could be the case. First, poor people have the most to gain by winning the lottery; second, poor people are arguably less likely to have a statistical understanding of the lottery – they are less likely to realize that it is a ‘bad bet’.
D The main argument in favor of lotteries is that it is harmless fun which results in tax income that often goes straight to community programs such as sports or the arts. Many community programs rely solely on lottery finances to operate, so in this sense, the lottery is a positive good. However, there are many people, often poor people, who become obsessed with gambling and the lottery, and it starts to take over their lives. For these people, the lottery is detrimental.
E One interesting way to look at the lottery, and why people participate in it, is to imagine it as a kind of ‘reverse insurance’. People buy insurance for their home or car so that if something bad happens to it, they do not have to pay the entire cost of the damage. In other words, they pay a little bit each month so that they don’t have to pay a large amount at one time. They pay these smaller amounts to insurance companies, and those insurance companies make money in the long run. So paying insurance is not a ‘good bet’ either, just like the lottery. With the lottery, we pay “little amounts” every once in a while so that maybe we will hit the jackpot. With insurance, we pay a little to save a lot, and with the lottery, we pay a little to win a lot. When looked at in this way, the popularity of the lottery is more easily understood.
F When it comes down to it, lotteries are a choice. Yes, they amount to a ‘tax’, but so do the monthly fees we pay to insurance companies. If people want to pay a few dollars here and there for a little fun, excitement and a small chance to win a monstrous amount of money, then what’s the harm? Additionally, lottery monies fund many valuable community programs which otherwise would have trouble operating. Playing the lottery responsibly is fun, exciting and maybe, just maybe, extremely profitable.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
In boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
6 Lotteries are outlawed almost everywhere.
7 In the long run, a person who plays the lottery should expect to lose money.
8 Lotteries are popular because they serve as a pleasurable diversion from everyday life.
9 Many people play the lottery without an understanding of its statistical background.
(For lots more help, and more practice like this, make sure to join our full course: http://www.aehelp.com (Academic IELTS) and www.gieltshelp.com (General…
Do you have trouble with the IELTS Reading Section, True, False, Not Given type questions? Don’t worry, many students find this type of question one of the most challenging in the reading part. There are a few simple strategies that...
Short answer questions are perhaps the easiest questions in IELTS reading exam. In these questions, you are to give your answers in one word and/or a number, at least two words and/or a number or at least three words and/or a number. Another thing about these questions is that you are able to find the answers easily as compared to the other type of questions. Let us see some useful tips about solving short answer type of questions.
Underline Keywords in the Question
The best strategy to solve any type of question in IELTS reading is to underline keywords in it. The main and important words in the question that help you to determine its meaning should be underlined. These are usually nouns, verbs etc. avoiding other words in the question such as prepositions, articles etc. For example,
Which programming language is used for designing DNA circuit?
How long was the biological structure that Voigt had designed?
In the above two short answer questions, the main keywords have been highlighted which you can prefer underlining in order to understand the question well and also, with the help of these keywords, you can find out one paragraph from the passage where you can find its reference.
Identify Focus in the Question
Now, other than underlining the important keywords in the question, you need to identify focus or stem of the question. Here, in short answer questions, you also need to keep your focus on words such as “what”, “where”, “when”, “which”, “how long” etc. so that you can predict whether your answer should be a word or a number, a noun or an adjective etc. Such words are important to avoid making silly mistakes as it is often seen that IELTS candidates do such mistakes in IELTS. For instance, in the above short answer questions, focus has been identified as follows:
Which programming language is used for designing DNA circuit?
How long was the biological structure that Voigt had designed?
Pay Attention to Nearby Words in Passage
While finding out answers from the reading passage, you can pay attention to words which are the same as you find in questions and which can help you to identify your answers. For example, in the above question, “is used for” is the phrase that you may find written in the passage also. Similarly, prepositions such as “in”, “had”, “have”, “at”, “into”, “for” etc. are also such you can look for to be the same between question and your IELTS reading passage.
Write Answers as per Word Instructions
A very basic yet important tip for short answer question is to always consider word instruction in your mind when you are locating your answers in the reading passage. Sometimes, you also have to write article such as “a”, “an” or “the” along with your answer. So, you should always be careful about the word instruction. Another thing to be always careful about is that you should never be having your answer written in more than three words in IELTS reading. - See more at:…
Short answer questions are perhaps the easiest questions in IELTS reading exam. In these questions, you are to give your answers in one word and/or a number, at least two words and/or a number or at least three words and/or...
Diagram type of question in IELTS reading is another very simple question to solve. In this type of question, you are given a diagram or a picture of any instrument, equipment, gadget, biological process or it can be anything. This image is related to the information given in the passage or an illustration of that. The image represents the description given in the IELTS reading passage.
The diagram in the question is labelled. Some labels would be blank for you to identify by reading the passage. Hence, in this question as well, similar to flow chart or short answer questions, you choose exact words from the passage as your answers. Let us check out some tips on how to do diagram type of questions in IELTS reading.
Match Diagram with Appropriate Paragraph
In the IELTS reading diagram questions, you can only find answers once you locate the right paragraph from the passage which refers to the diagram. For locating the right paragraph, you can look for keywords in the question and try to match those with the reading passage. Try to find in which paragraph the description of diagram is available. Hence, choose the one where you find good details about the image in the question.
Understand the Diagram Well
Before trying to solve the diagram, you should always understand it well. Find out what it is about, what are its blanks, what kinds of answers are expected etc. Some students start solving the diagram without knowing what the diagram question or part of the question is asking for. This is the reason they do mistakes while finding out answers from the passage.
Whatever text is written along with the diagram question, it is very important to read it and go through it well. Some students make silly mistakes to ignore such texts and only focus on the diagram. Hence, this should be avoided since reading the question carefully is also a part of solving it well.
Understand Word Instruction
In some diagram questions of IELTS reading, you are given options below the diagram from where you can choose the right option which fits in the blank well. However, in the other type of diagram question, you are not given any option and thus you have to directly find your answer from the passage.
Some students ignore the options and start finding answers from the passage. So, this kind of silly error should be strictly avoided. Also, if you are not given options, you would be given word instruction at the top of question such as whether you must write in one word, maximum two words or maximum three words. Apart from this, from instruction, you can come to know whether you have to write numbers or words in the answer.
Do Not Change Words from Passage
As said earlier, diagram questions of IELTS reading are some of the easy questions to solve. It is because of the fact that you can find exact answers from the passage without struggling a lot. The passage is easy to understand and with some hints in the question (from the text written along with the diagram), you are easily able to solve the question correctly. Just keep in mind that you must not change the word, chosen from the passage, while writing down as your…
Diagram type of question in IELTS reading is another very simple question to solve. In this type of question, you are given a diagram or a picture of any instrument, equipment, gadget, biological process or it can be anything. This...
Summary completion question in IELTS reading is one of the difficult questions. Usually, you find this type of question in Section 3 but it may appear in Section 2 also. This question is in the form of a paragraph which is either the summary of whole passage or the summary of part of the passage. It is written in paraphrased form with usage of synonyms. So, it takes time for you to understand the question properly.
There are two types of questions of summary completion type; one with the options (usually synonyms) given below the question and the other with no options. In the first type, it becomes more complicated to find answers since here, after you find a word from the passage, you have to think of synonym of that word in order to find its answer. And in the second type, there will be word instruction given which you must follow to find your answer from the passage.
Understand Question Well to Relate with Passage
The first and the most important thing to do before solving summary completion question in IELTS reading is to understand the question properly. Since the paragraph or in other words, summary is written in such a way that it becomes difficult to understand which part of the text it is referring to. Without getting an overview of the question, you may not be able to solve it well.
Underline Main Keywords
Though the sentences in the summary completion question is the rewritten form of IELTS reading passage, there are some words that are same or similar to the words in the passage through which you are able to identify the paragraph from the passage from which it is extracted. Hence, always underline the main words in the passage and use them to identify the suitable paragraph from the passage.
Choose Answer from Options Grammatically
When you are given options out of which you have to find the right one, checking out the sentences grammatically will work well in IELTS reading summary completion questions. For example, you may see that a noun would fit in the blank and hence you can ignore verb, adjective etc. from the options. Similarly, if you think that answer should be a plural word, you can ignore all the singular words in the options box. Many a times, it is found that summary completion question is in the form of passive voice sentences while reading passage is in active voice. Hence, in this case, you may need to change form of verb in the answer according to the question statement.
Shortlist Options and Choose Closest Option
Out of the given options, you should always first try to shortlist options by understanding the question as well as the appropriate paragraph in the IELTS reading passage. Let’s say, from 10 options, you have chosen 2 as the likely answers. Then, again reread the paragraph as well as the question to finally choose the one, out of the shortlisted two, which you believe to be closer to the blank in the question. For instance, if you believe option 1 seems to be 60% as your answer while option 2 seems to be 40% as your answer, you should go with option 1 with more probability of being your answer.
Answer Follows Order
Lastly, in the summary completion IELTS reading passage, question is in the form of short summary which is a kind of brief of the passage written in the order of occurrence of information, hence you will find answers of your questions in the sequence of information given in the…
Summary completion question in IELTS reading is one of the difficult questions. Usually, you find this type of question in Section 3 but it may appear in Section 2 also. This question is in the form of a paragraph which...
True False Not Given questions are considered to be the trickiest questions in IELTS Reading where candidates get confused a lot. Usually, most of the candidates find it confusing to identify whether the question is false or not given. Let us find out some tips on how to do true false not given type of questions in IELTS reading.
Read Instructions Carefully
The first thing to be kept in mind while doing true false not given questions in IELTS reading is to read the instruction carefully. You must observe to see whether the instruction is in the form of code T/F/NG or words True/False/Not Given. You must answer according to the instruction and for this, you can underline or encircle the instruction like a keyword so that you may not ignore it and may not be solving the question carelessly.
Verify Not Given Condition First
One silly mistake students do in true false questions of IELTS reading is to ignore not given condition. There are several statements in the question which they are keenly verifying and checking for true false condition. They get so much involved or busy in checking for true false conditions that they forget about not given condition completely.
You can mark a statement as not given, if the relevant information is not at all mentioned in the passage. Here, do not get confused with the keywords. It may so happen that words in the statement match with words in the IELTS reading passage but still, it can be a not given one. Hence, always match the meaning or information of the question statement with that in the passage. For a statement to be true, the information should exactly match with the information in the passage while it would be opposite in case of false statement.
Split Question into Parts
If the question statement is lengthy, you may get confused while verifying it. There is one solution to get rid of this confusion that you can split your question into two or more parts according to the information. Then for each part of the statement, you can verify true, false or not given conditions. For example, if you have divided the question statement into two parts, first check for not given conditions. If information for both parts is not given, then mark the complete statement as not given. On the other hand, if information for both parts is there, you can further verify the parts for true or false conditions.
Do Not Consume too Much Time on Single Question
You should never consume so much time trying to solve a question. If you go through a passage and could not find any information relevant to the question, you can mark it as not given statement rather than consuming a lot of time to verify it again and again. Remember that time is crucial in IELTS reading exam.
Notice Controlling Words
The most important tip for identifying whether a statement is false or not is to look for controlling words such as always, never, ever, sometimes, a little, all, some etc. These words can change the meaning of a statement completely and most of the times, these questions are false though not always. Hence, pay special attention to the questions where you find such controlling…
True False Not Given questions are considered to be the trickiest questions in IELTS Reading where candidates get confused a lot. Usually, most of the candidates find it confusing to identify whether the question is false or not given. Let...
Yes no not given questions are similar to true false not given questions. The tips for yes no not given questions are same as you need to keep in mind for true false not given questions. The difference between the two types of questions lies in the kind of IELTS reading passages you have. True false not given passages are fact based where you have to verify the factual statements. However, yes not not given passages are those which are opinion based where you are verifying the statements if these are exactly the opinions as stated by the authors in the passage.
Be Careful About Instructions
You should read the instructions well whether it is in the form of code Y/N/NG or words Yes/No/Not Given. Many students commit silly mistakes that they forget about the instruction and start answering the statements blindly without even reading instructions well. Some students even answer these questions by writing true false though these are yes no questions. So, always make sure about the instructions you are given and answer your questions accordingly.
Identify the Opinions from Passage
The biggest essential tip to consider for solving yes no not given questions is that you should be extra careful about the opinions given in the IELTS reading passage. Opinions are not directly given in the passage. You should be able to determine what the author wants to convey through his statements. You may think of it as something hidden in the sentences or something secret that you have to discover by reading the passage.
Now, you should first underline the keywords in the question statements and then, with the help of those keywords, you can find out the appropriate paragraph in the passage which relates to the question statement. Once you find the paragraph, you can then read it intensely to locate the right statement in the paragraph which refers to your question statement.
Now, you can read that statement and try to interpret its meaning. Keyword matching helps you to find the appropriate paragraph but you can find answer only by interpreting the meaning of the statement or by identifying the opinion of author such as whether he agrees or disagrees on a particular topic.
Notice Controlling Words in Statements
There are some controlling words that you should be careful about while solving yes no not given questions. For example, every time, never, some, always, ever, a little, a few etc. are some of the words that can change the meaning of a statement completely. These questions are likely to be no type of questions but can also be yes or not given questions. The thing is you should read the statements carefully when you find these controlling…
Yes no not given questions are similar to true false not given questions. The tips for yes no not given questions are same as you need to keep in mind for true false not given questions. The difference between the...
One of the most difficult questions that students face in IELTS reading is matching heading type of questions. Students get worried about solving such questions as they get confused about so many given headings out of which they are to choose one heading.
There are two types of matching heading questions. In one type, you have to choose the heading only once for every paragraph in the IELTS reading passage while in the other type, you may choose a heading more than once. The second type of matching heading question is more complicated. So, let us see how to do matching heading type of questions in IELTS reading.
Underline Keywords in Headings and Passage
Underline keywords in the IELTS reading passage when you are reading it which would help you to understand it better. Main words or phrases that are the important things in the paragraph can be underlined and after you have read the paragraph, you can try to find the main idea of it.
If you think that a word or phrase represents the main idea of that paragraph, you can highlight or encircle that word or phrase. Similarly, you can underline the main words in the headings also. This is especially helpful when you have long sentences as your headings. When you highlight keywords in headings, it becomes easy to go through them all at once in order to choose the one that better fits with the paragraph as its heading.
Skim the Paragraph to Find its Gist
In the matching heading question of IELTS reading, you are given passage in the form of short paragraphs which are bulleted with alphabets. Whichever small paragraph you are reading to find its heading, you need to, first of all, find its gist which is nothing but the main idea behind the paragraph and this process of finding the gist of a paragraph is termed as skimming. It is actually the purpose of paragraph which you can determine once you read it. Reading to find the summary of that paragraph will let you be able to match it with the right heading.
Keep in Mind First and Last Sentence of a Paragraph
In order to skim a paragraph in IELTS reading, there is a very useful tip you can keep in mind. Generally, it is seen that gist of a paragraph lies in either the first sentence or the last sentence of a paragraph. Though it is not always the case but many a times, it is true and hence, it is recommended that once you have read the paragraph, you can reread its first and last sentence to find if it may determine the gist of that paragraph.
Go Through All Headings Before Choosing
Some students make mistake while choosing the heading in IELTS reading. While trying to choose a suitable the heading, they do not check all of them. They stop checking headings once they find a heading that looks comparatively suitable. However, it may be the case that you may get even a better suitable heading in the following options. For example, if a question has 10 headings, they choose 5th heading while going through them one by one without even checking out rest of the headings from 6 to 10. Hence, you should always check all the headings to see the right one matching with the…
One of the most difficult questions that students face in IELTS reading is matching heading type of questions. Students get worried about solving such questions as they get confused about so many given headings out of which they are to choose one...
MCQ stands for multiple choice question which is considered to be one of the difficult questions in IELTS reading test. In such MCQs, you are given several options out of which you have to choose one option. Candidates appearing for the IELTS exam find the multiple choice questions as quite daunting since they get confused with options and end up with just guessing the answers. However, if proper strategies are adopted, MCQ type of questions can be solved well. Let us find out what these extremely useful strategies are:
The most effective strategy to solve MCQ question in IELTS reading is to underline the important keywords in the question as well as options. Once you highlight the keywords, you can focus on such words only to avoid getting distracted or getting confused while choosing the right option. This strategy works great when you find long statements as the options. Let us do this by taking the help of an example,
What is the major reason behind Mike to join job at a young age?
He was facing financial constraint and job was the only way he could earn income
He wanted to gain work experience as early as possible for an early start in his career
He was not interested in studying and wanted to be employed
In the above question, main keywords can be marked as below:
What is the major reason behind Mike to join job at a young age ?
He was facing financial constraint and job was the only way he could earn income
He wanted to gain work experience as early as possible for an early start in his career
He was not interested in studying and wanted to be employed
You can see that you need to mainly concentrate on the important words that could easily make a short image of the question in your mind. Once you read the passage to confirm the right option, you will find this strategy as a helpful one.
Focus on Stem of Question
Stem or focus of the question in MCQ of IELTS reading is something really important, a word or phrase in the question that can help you to get rid of confusion and to identify the right option. In the above question, “major reason” is the focus or stem of the question. In the options of above question, all the options are the reasons and may be valid in Mike’s case or in other words, you may find all the options in the reading passage but you need to choose only the reason which is the major one.
Understand the Question Well
Without understanding the question and just by simply matching keywords of question with the keywords in the passage, it won’t be possible to find the right answer in MCQ type of question in IELTS reading. Hence, read the appropriate paragraph carefully and then only mark the right answer. Matching the keywords may help you to identify the type of paragraph which you need to refer but the actual answer you can come to know only when you understand it.
Attempt All Questions
Finally, the last IELTS reading exam tip to solve MCQ type of questions is that when you are not sure of any question even after carefully reading the paragraph, you can guess your answer. Also, it is recommended to attempt all the questions and never leave any question without attempting because there is no negative…
MCQ stands for multiple choice question which is considered to be one of the difficult questions in IELTS reading test. In such MCQs, you are given several options out of which you have to choose one option. Candidates appearing for the...